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How to Obtain Birth Certificate for Newborn in Nigeria

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How to Obtain Birth Certificate for Newborn in Nigeria Step-by-Step Guide

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Congratulations on the arrival of your bundle of joy! As a new parent, one of the most important tasks you’ll need to complete is obtaining a birth certificate for your newborn.

It serves as proof of their birth and is required for various purposes such as enrolling in school, obtaining a passport, and accessing government benefits.

However, navigating the process of obtaining a birth certificate can sometimes be confusing and time-consuming.

But fret not! In this comprehensive step-by-step guide, we will walk you through the entire process, from gathering the necessary documents to registering your baby’s birth and finally obtaining the precious birth certificate.

So let’s dive in and ensure your little one’s journey into the world is documented the right way!

Understanding the Process: How to Obtain a Birth Certificate in Nigeria

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Obtaining a birth certificate for your newborn in Nigeria involves several steps. It’s essential to understand the process to ensure a smooth and successful registration. Let’s break down each step in detail.

Step 1: Registering the Birth at the Local Government Area (LGA)

The first step in obtaining a birth certificate for your newborn is to register their birth at the Local Government Area (LGA) where the birth took place. This can be done at the LGA’s registry office or designated registration centers. You will need to provide the following information:

– Full name of the child

– Date of birth

– Place of birth

– Gender

– Parents’ names and contact information

– Parents’ occupation

– Any other required details specified by the LGA

It’s important to register the birth within the first 60 days of the child’s birth. Failure to do so may result in additional requirements or delays in obtaining the birth certificate.

Step 2: Required Documents for Birth Certificate Registration

To register your newborn’s birth and obtain a birth certificate, you will need to gather certain documents. These documents may vary slightly depending on the LGA or registration center. Typically, the following documents are required:

– Completed birth registration form (obtained from the registry office)

– Proof of parental identity (such as national identity cards or international passports)

– Marriage certificate (if applicable)

– Proof of residence (utility bills or other documents indicating your address)

– Hospital birth notification (issued by the hospital or birth center where the delivery took place)

– Affidavit of birth (if the birth was not registered within the first 60 days)

Ensure that you have all the required documents before proceeding to the next step.

Step 3: Visiting the National Population Commission (NPC)

After registering the birth at the LGA, you will need to visit the National Population Commission (NPC) office. The NPC is responsible for the issuance of birth certificates in Nigeria. At the NPC office, you will need to submit the completed birth registration form and the supporting documents. The NPC officer will review the documents for accuracy and completeness.

It’s important to note that the NPC office may have specific working hours and days for birth certificate applications. It’s advisable to inquire about the office’s operating hours beforehand to avoid any inconvenience.

Step 4: Completing the Birth Certificate Application Form

At the NPC office, you will be required to complete a birth certificate application form. This form collects additional information about the child and their parents. Some of the information requested may include:

– Child’s place of birth

– Religion

– Parent’s educational level

– Parent’s occupation

– Parent’s nationality

Be sure to fill in all the required fields accurately and legibly. Any mistakes or omissions may result in delays or rejection of the application.

Step 5: Document Verification and Payment

Once you have completed the birth certificate application form, the NPC officer will verify the information provided and cross-check it with the supporting documents. This step ensures the accuracy and authenticity of the birth registration.

After the verification process, you will be required to make a payment for the birth certificate. The fee may vary depending on the location and type of certificate required. It’s advisable to inquire about the fee beforehand or check the NPC’s official website for the latest fee schedule.

Step 6: Collecting the Birth Certificate

After completing the payment, you will be issued a receipt. Keep this receipt safely as it will be required for collecting the birth certificate. The processing time for the birth certificate may vary, but it typically takes a few weeks. You will need to visit the NPC office again to collect the birth certificate once it is ready. Ensure that you have the receipt and any additional documents requested by the NPC officer.

Congratulations! You have successfully obtained a birth certificate for your newborn. This document holds immense value and will serve as a legal proof of your child’s birth in Nigeria.

Common Challenges and FAQs about Birth Certificate Registration

While the process of obtaining a birth certificate for your newborn in Nigeria is relatively straightforward, there may be some challenges or questions that arise. Let’s address some common concerns and provide answers to frequently asked questions.

Q: What if I missed the 60-day deadline for birth registration?

If you missed the 60-day deadline for birth registration, you will need to obtain an affidavit of birth. This affidavit can be obtained from a magistrate court or a notary public. The affidavit should state the reasons for the delay in registering the birth and should be attached to the other required documents during the registration process.

Q: Is it possible to register the birth outside the LGA where the birth took place?

In certain circumstances, it is possible to register the birth outside the LGA where the birth took place. This may be necessary if you are unable to travel to the specific LGA or if the birth occurred in a remote or inaccessible location. However, additional requirements and processes may apply. It’s advisable to contact the NPC or the LGA where you intend to register the birth for guidance.

Q: Can I apply for a birth certificate online?

Currently, the process of obtaining a birth certificate in Nigeria requires physical visits to the LGA and NPC offices. Online registration and application systems are not yet widely implemented. However, it’s recommended to stay updated with the latest developments and check the NPC’s official website for any online services that may become available in the future.

Other Important Considerations for Newborns in Nigeria

While obtaining a birth certificate is a crucial step, there are other important considerations for newborns in Nigeria. Some key points to keep in mind include:

– Immunization: Ensure that your newborn receives the necessary vaccinations as per the Nigerian National Immunization Schedule. Vaccinations protect against various diseases and help strengthen your child’s immune system.

– Healthcare: Regularly visit a pediatrician or healthcare professional to monitor your child’s growth and development. Seek medical attention promptly if any health concerns arise.

– Child Protection: Familiarize yourself with child protection laws and regulations in Nigeria. Understand your child’s rights and responsibilities and take steps to ensure their safety and well-being.

By prioritizing these considerations, you can provide the best possible care and support for your newborn.


In conclusion, obtaining a birth certificate for your newborn in Nigeria is an essential step in establishing their legal identity and citizenship. It is a document that will be required throughout their life for various purposes. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can navigate the process with ease and ensure that your little one’s journey into the world is well-documented.


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