Are you searching for the largest states in Nigeria in terms of size? On this webpage, you will find the top 10 biggest states in the country based on their surface area or land mass.
Do you know Lagos is the least-largest state in Nigeria by land mass? Lagos is so small by surface area that the largest state in Nigeria is bigger than it 22 times. Yet irrespective of the fact that Lagos is the smallest state in the country, it is far more populated than all the top 10 biggest states in Nigeria.
Which State is The Largest In Nigeria?
Based on the total surface area, Niger State is the largest state in Nigeria. The state measures about 76,363 km2. That is over 22 times bigger than Lagos and nearly 4 times bigger than several other state in Nigeria. By land mass, Niger State is Nigeria‘s biggest state. Below is a list of other states that follow it.
Top 10 Largest States in Nigeria
Here are the ten biggest states in Nigeria by land mass:
10.) Kebbi State
- Size: 36,800 km square
Located in the North-Western region of Nigeria, Kebbi is one of Nigeria’s 10 biggest states. It was part of the states created by the Nigerian government in 1991. The state maintains a boundary with Sokoto, the state it was created from, and two other Nigerian States: Niger and Zamfara.
Kebbi state also shares boundary with two African nations: Benin Republic and Niger. The capital Birnin Kebbi, is among the most popular cities in the Northern Nigeria.
9.) Kwara State
- Size: 36,825 km square
Though Kwara state is part of the North central geopolitical zone of Nigeria, by geographical location the state is found in the Western region of the country. The state was created in 1967, making it one of the country’s oldest states.
Kwara is mainly dominated by the Yoruba ethnic group, the Nupe, Fulani and Bariba.The state capital Ilorin, is the major city found in the state.
8.) Adamawa State
- Size :36,917 km square
Adamawa State was created in 1991. It is located within the North-eastern region of Nigeria and shares boundaries with Borno, Gombe and Taraba states. Adamawa is also bordered on the eastern side by the popular African nation, Cameroon.
The State is one of the Nigerian states that have suffered severely in the hands of the Islamic extremists, Boko Haram.
Adamawa’s capital, Yola is one of the major commercial centres in the Northern part of the country.
7.) Zamfara State
- Size: 39,762 km square
Zamfara is also one of the states that was created out of Sokoto State, in 1996. It is located within the Northwestern part of Nigeria. The state is bordered by Kaduna, Niger and Kaduna states. It also shares boundary with Niger Republic in the North.
It is dominated mainly by the Hausa, Fulani, Gwari and Kamuku ethnic groups. Other significant ethnic groups in the state are the Kambari, Bussawa, Dukawa, Zabarma and so on.
The State capital Gusau is one of the oldest and the most economically important cities in the Northern Nigeria. The city has a lot of interesting history attached to it.
6.) Yobe State
- Size: 45,502 km square
Yobe was created out of Borno state in 1991. It is located within the North-eastern part of the country. The state shares boundaries with Jigawa, Gombe, Bauchi and Borno States.
Being a muslim state, Yobe is one of those places where Sharia law is fully practised. The State is also one of those that have been greatly affected by the activities of the Boko Harams, the terrorist group that has been causing severe havoc in the Northern Nigeria.
Yobe State is mainly dominated by the Fulani and the Kanuri ethnic groups. Other significant ethnic communities in the state includes the Bura, Margi, Ngamo, Karai-Karai, Bade, BolewaNgizim, Manga and Hausa.
The state is rich in Agricultural products. The capital is the popular city, Damaturu while Potiskum is one of its major commercial centres.
5.) Bauchi State
- Size: 45,837 km square
Bauchi is one of the most popular and largest states in the Northern part of Nigeria and the entire country. It is mainly known for its capital, the city of Bauchi.
The state was created in 1976 and shares boundaries with 7 Nigerian states: Kaduna, Kano, Gombe, Jigawa, Yobe, Plateau and Taraba states.
Bauchi is dominated by 55 different ethnic groups. The major ones being the Gerawa, Bolewa, Jarawa, Sayawa, karekare, Kirfawa, Kanuri,Turawa, Fa’awa, Zulawa, Butawa, Boyawa MBadawa, Warjawa, Fulani and Hausa.
4.) Kaduna State
- Size: 46,053 km square
Kaduna State is a very large state in the North-western part of Nigeria. The state was created in 1967. It has the highest number of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Kaduna state is home to over 60 different ethnic groups in Nigeria. A few of them are Fulfulde, Hausa, Gbagyi, Bakulu, Adara, Tuku, Ruruma, Nyenkpa, Ninzo, Koro, Atyab, Ham, Kiwafa, Oegworok, Pitti, Ribang and Sholio.
Kaduna has lots of tourist attractions that draws people from different part of the country and beyond. The capital city Kaduna, is one of the oldest cities in Nigeria.
3.) Taraba State
- Size: 54,473 km square
Taraba State is located in the North-eastern part of the country. The state shares boundaries with Bauchi, Benue, Gombe, Adamawa and Nasarawa states. It also bordered by Cameroon.
Taraba has four main rivers which are: River Benue, Donga, Ibi and Taraba. That is the reason fishing is a major occupation in the state.
As for agricultural products, Taraba is known to produce cash crops like cotton, coffee, groundnut and so many others.
2.) Borno State
- Size: 70,898 km square
Borno is the second biggest state in Nigeria by land mass. The state is located within the North-eastern region of Nigeria. It is one of Nigeria’s most populated states.
It is dominated mainly by the Kanuri people. Other ethnic communities found in the states are Bura, Lamang and Marghi. The state was initially known for its agriculture before the rise of the Boko Haram Insurgency.
The Capital of the State is Maiduguri. It is also widely regarded as one of the biggest cities in Northern Nigeria.
1.) Niger State
- Size: 76,363 km square
Niger State is Nigeria’s largest state by surface area. It is located within the Central region of the country.
The state derived its name from the popular River Niger, one of Nigeria’s two biggest rivers.
The state is home to ethnic groups like Nupe, Dukawa, Kambari, Oro, Kamuku, Gbayi and Hausa. Kainji Dam, Shiroro Dam, Gurara Falls and Kainji National Park (Nigeria’s Largest National Park) are all located in the state.
Listed in this article are the top 10 largest states in Nigeria. By land mass or surface area, these are the biggest states in the country. Majority of these states happen among the Northern Nigeria.
So in terms of size, the Northern part of the country leads the rest of the country by far. However, when other parameters are considered, other parts of the country also shine brightly. I guess every part of the country has its own glory. Some in mineral resources, others in size while some excel in agriculture.