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Sultan of Sokoto: An Historical List

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Sultan of Sokoto An Historical List

Discover the rich history of the Sultan of Sokoto with this comprehensive list. From the earliest rulers to the present day, explore the legacy of this esteemed title.

The sultan of Sokoto is the traditional ruler of the Sokoto Caliphate, a Sunni Muslim community in West Africa.

The current sultan, Sa’adu Abubakar, has held the position since 2006.

The sultan is also the leader of the Qadiriyya Sufi order, which is historically the most important Muslim position in Nigeria.

The role of the sultan has become more ceremonial since British rule, but still holds influence among the Fulani and Hausa people in northern Nigeria.

The title of sultan was first assumed by Muhammed Bello, the son of the founder of the Sokoto State and the Fulani Empire.

There have been nineteen sultans of Sokoto since the creation of the title, with Siddiq Abubakar III serving the longest term from 1938 to 1988.

The Torodbe clan, from which the sultans are descended, initially recruited members from various levels of society and adopted aspects of Fulani culture while maintaining a separate identity.

Sultan of Sokoto List

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The Sultan of Sokoto List refers to a list of sultans who held the title of Amir al-Mu´minin and Sarkin Musulmi, which means “King of the Muslims” in the local language.

The title of Mai is also used by some sultans.

These titles are used by independent sovereign Muslim rulers who claim legitimacy from the Muslim community.

NameBirth and deathReign startedReign endedLineage
Muhammed Bello
(محمد بلُّو)
1781
Unknown

1837
Wurno
(aged 58)
21 April 181725 October 1837Son of
Usman dan Fodio
Abubakar I Atiku
(أبو بكر عتيكو)
1782
Unknown

1842
Sokoto
(aged 60)
26 October 183723 November 1842Son of
Usman dan Fodio
Ali Babba bin Bello
(علي ببَّا بن بلُّو)
1808
Sala

1859
Sokoto
(aged 51)
30 November 184221 October 1859Son of
Muhammed Bello
Ahmadu Atiku
(أحمد عتيكو)
c. 1807
Unknown

1866
Sokoto
(aged ~59)
24 October 18592 November 1866Son of
Abu Bakr Atiku
Aliyu Karami1808Sala–1867Wurno(aged 59)6 November 186618 October 1867Son of
Muhammed Bello
Ahmadu Rufai1814–1867Wurno(aged 53)21 October 186712 March 1873Son of
Usman dan Fodio
Abubakar II Atiku na Raba1812– 1877 (aged 65)16 March 187328 March 1877Son of
Muhammed Bello
Mu’azu1816–1881(aged 65)6 April 187726 September 1881Son of
Muhammed Bello
Umaru bin Alic. 1824
Sokoto

1891
Sokoto
(aged ~67)
3 October 188125 March 1891Son of
Ali Babba bin Bello
Abderrahman dan Abi Bakarc. 1828
Unknown

1902
Unknown
(aged ~74)
25 March 189110 October 1902Son of
Abu Bakr I Atiku
Muhammadu Attahiru I13 October 190215 March 1903Son of
Ahmadu Atiku
Muhammadu Attahiru II21 March 19031915Son of
Ali Babba bin Bello
Muhammadu dan Ahmadu19151924Son of
Ahmadu Atiku
Muhammadu dan Muhammadu19241931Son of
Muhammadu dan Ahmadu
Hasan dan Mu’azu Ahmadu19311938Son of
Mu’azu
Siddiq Abubakar III15 March 1903
Dange

1 November 1988
Sokoto
(aged 85)
19381988Grandson of
Mu’azu
Ibrahim Dasuki23 December 1923
Dogondaji

14 November 2016
Abuja
(aged 93)
6 November 198820 April 1996 (deposed)Great-great-grandson of
Usman dan Fodio
Muhammadu Maccido20 April 1926
Dange Shuni

29 October 2006
(near Abuja)
(aged 80)
20 April 199629 October 2006Son of
Siddiq Abubakar III
Sa’adu Abubakar24 August 1956
Sokoto
2 November 2006CurrentSon of
Siddiq Abubakar III

This article was updated 1 month ago

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