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In a welcome development, Nigeria’s unemployment rate has dropped to a remarkable 4.1% in the first quarter of 2023, presenting a significant improvement from the previous quarter’s 5.3% rate.
This encouraging report was released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), World Bank, and the International Labour Organization (ILO) on August 24,
An essential factor contributing to this positive change is the adoption of a revised methodology for calculating the unemployment rate.
Nigeria’s federal government has consistently voiced concerns about the accuracy of previous unemployment data, asserting that their efforts to combat unemployment were not adequately captured.
The new methodology aligns Nigeria with other African nations such as Ghana, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Benin, and Gambia, ensuring international best practices.
Under the revised approach, employed persons are defined as individuals who have worked for at least one hour in the past seven days, regardless of the number of weekly working hours.
This revision replaces the previous requirement of 40 working hours and offers a more inclusive representation of employment.
It is crucial to note that this significant drop in the unemployment rate is not solely due to the creation of new jobs but the redefinition of unemployment in line with ILO guidelines.
The revised computations now account for categories that were previously overlooked, such as subsistence agriculture and temporary absentees from employment work.
Additionally, the mutually exclusiveness of unemployment and employment is now appropriately considered, enhancing the accuracy of Nigeria’s labor force data and making it comparable with other countries.
Therefore, while the numbers are indeed encouraging, it is essential to understand the factors contributing to this change and how they align with international standards.
The significant drop in Nigeria’s unemployment rate to 4.1% is undoubtedly a promising development for the nation. This positive trend reflects the commitment of the federal government to address the challenges associated with unemployment.
The adoption of a revised methodology for calculating the unemployment rate demonstrates a commitment to transparency and alignment with international best practices.
While there is still work to be done to further reduce the unemployment rate and create more job opportunities, this progress provides hope for a brighter future for Nigerian job seekers.
It is crucial for stakeholders to continue collaborating and implementing effective strategies to sustain this positive momentum and foster long-term economic growth.
This article was updated 4 weeks ago